Welcome to this site in celebration of a beautiful new public garden in historic Old New Castle, Delaware. It is located behind The Dutch House at 32 East Third St, Old New Castle, DE 19720. Directions

The garden is home to over 200 different species of trees, shrubs, perennials, ferns and grasses. They are all North American native plants and almost every one is native to the mid-Atlantic region of the United States. Many are native to Delaware.

If you would like to schedule a guided tour, please contact The New Castle Historical Society at 302-322-2794.

Click on any of the photos for an enlarged view

Tuesday, May 29, 2012


Tiarella cordifolia 'Running Tapestry'(foam flower) part-full shade, white flowers spring, 12"h, green leaves with burgundy veining, species native to mid Atlantic region of US

NorthCreek Nurseries webpage

This lovely plant has been in bloom for a long time this spring and looks especially nice planted among ferns.
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)full-part shade, evergreen, up to 2'h, moist well drained soil, native to much of the eastern half of North America

Missouri Botanical Garden webpage

Christmas fern is tolerant of dry shade once established.
Athyrium filix-femina (lady fern) 2'h, part to full shade, moist soil, native to most of North America

NorthCreek Nurseries webpage
Osmunda regalis (Royal fern)2-4'h, part to full shade, moist to wet acidic soil, native to much of the eastern half of North America

According to the Missouri Botanical Garden webpage Osmunda fiber which is used in the potting of orchids comes from the fibrous roots of these ferns.
Osmunda cinnamomea (Cinnamon fern)2-3'h, part to full shade, average to wet acidic soil, native to much of the eastern half of North America

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
webpage says that the fuzz that covers the emerging fiddleheads is a favorite nesting material for birds.

Sunday, May 27, 2012

Penstemon smallii (beardtongue) 18-24"h, white/lavender flowers summer, part to full sun, well drained soil, butterflies/hummingbirds, native to southeastern region of US

Bluestone Perennials
Viola pedata (birdfoot violet) 6"h, violet flowers in spring, full sun, very well drained soil, native to much of eastern half of US

Missouri Botanical Garden
Arisaema dracontium (Green Dragon) up to 3'h, green flower in early summer, red fruit in late summer, moist shade, native to DE and much of eastern half of US

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Spigelia marilandica (Indian pink) 12-18"h, red with yellow flowers in early summer, part to full shade, average to moist soil, attracts butterflies and hummingbirds, native to mid-Atlantic region

Missouri Botanical Garden
Oenothera fruticosa 'Fireworks' (narrow leaf evening primrose or sundrops) 15-18"h, yellow flower early summer, full sun, average to dry well drained soil, species native range includes the mid Atlantic region of US

American Beauties
Native Plant webpage states that the common name - evening primrose - refers to the fact that the flowers open evening into night for pollination by night time insects. This plant is tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions from moist to dry.

I just read that at dusk one can watch and hear the flower buds popping open with a sound like soap bubbles popping.

Saturday, May 26, 2012

Rhododendron maximum 'Roseum' (evergreen rhododendron) 8-12'h, pink flowers in June, part to full shade, moist well drained acidic soil, native in eastern US from Georgia to Maine

University of Connecticut Plant Database
Viburnum nudum 'Winterthur' (smooth witherod) deciduous shrub, 8-12'h, white flower spring, dark blue fruit in fall, dark red/purple fall color, part to full sun, tolerant of wide variety of soil- dry to wet, species native to DE and much of eastern half of US

Fine Gardening webpage shows a photo of the blue berries and fall color of this plant.

Thursday, May 24, 2012

Magnolia virginiana 'Moon Glow' (sweetbay magnolia) evergreen in this zone 7 garden, 25'h 15'w, white lemon scented flowers in late spring, part to full sun, moist to wet acidic soils, species native to DE and much of the SE US, this cultivar selected for its tendency to be evergreen with more vigorous upright growth and slightly larger flowers

Missouri Botanical Garden webpage with more information on this plant.
Geum aleppicum (yellow avens) 3'h, yellow flower mid-late summer, moist to wet soil, part to full sun, native to northeast US



Prairie Moon Nursery was the source of these plants. These lush and healthy plants were planted late 2011 as small bare root pieces. That method is effective and economical,
there are no plastic pots involved, and digging is much easier.

Tuesday, May 22, 2012

Lysimachia terrestris (swamp candles) 1-3'h, yellow flowers mid to late summer, full sun, wet soil, native to DE

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center webpage states that this plant is of special value to native bees. They also describe it as a handsome plant. I concur. The white plant flowering in the background is Itea virginica 'Henry's Garnet'.
Phlox 'Minnie Pearl' (garden phlox) full sun, moist soil, white flowers early summer, 12"h, naturally occurring hybrid found in Mississippi, attractive to butterflies

Plant Delights Nursery
offers this lovely plant and claims it to be mildew free and a treat for the hummingbirds. It is the earliest blooming garden/summer phlox that I have seen this year.

Monday, May 21, 2012

Sisyrinchium 'Suwannee' (blue eyed grass)sun-shade, blue flower early summer, moist-dry, 8"h

Physocarpus opulifolius 'Coppertina' (common ninebark) deciduous shrub, 8-10'hx5-6'w, pink flowers in summer, copper colored new foliage changes to dark red in summer, full sun, tolerant of soils, species is native to DE and much of the eastern half of North America

Plant Delights Nursery gives the origin of this named cultivar as well as testimonial to how adaptable the plant is. I planted the three clumps at the base of the common nine bark cultivar since blue looks so nice with dark red in a garden.

Missouri Botanical Garden webpage with more information on 'Coppertina'

Sunday, May 20, 2012

Iris versicolor (northern blue flag)2-3'h, full-part sun, moist-wet soil, blue/violet flower late spring/early summer, native to mid Atlantic and northeast regions of the US

NorthCreek Nurseries webpage states that hummingbirds are attracted to this beautiful flower. They also relate that some Native American tribes used parts of this plant as protection from rattlesnake bites.
Porteranthus trifoliatus 'Pink Profusion (syn Gillenia trifoliata) (Bowman's root)1-2'h, pink flower early summer, part to full shade, moist well drained soil, species native to mid-Atlantic region of US

Rare Find Nursery webpage offers this plant for sale and states that it is a Mt Cuba introduction.

Saturday, May 12, 2012

Lonicera sempervirens 'Major Wheeler' (honeysuckle)vine, full sun, red/yellow flowers spring into fall, species is native to much of the eastern US

NorthCreek Nurseries
Aquilegia canadensis (columbine) 2'h, pink/yellow flower in spring, part to full shade, well drained soil, attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds, native to DE and much of the eastern half of US

Illinois wildflowers
Rhododendron 'Marydel' (decid azalea or coastal azalea) 3-4'h, fragrant pink flower May, red fall color, part sun, moist well drained acidic soil, this naturally occuring hybrid found in MD and thought to be a cross between atlanticum and periclymenoides which are native to DE and several mid-Atlantic and south east states of US

Niche Gardens is a good mail order source of fine quality plants - many native to our region.
Rhododendron maximum 'Roseum' (evergreen rhododendron) 8-12'h, pink flowers in June, part to full shade, moist well drained acidic soil, native in eastern US from Georgia to Maine

North Carolina State University webpage suggests that the flowers of rosebay rhododendron are attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds.
Osmunda cinnamomea (Cinnamon fern)2-3'h, part to full shade, average to wet acidic soil, native to much of the eastern half of North America

Here is a fine gardening question/answer on the edible fern fiddleheads.

Saturday, May 5, 2012

Geranium maculatum (wild geranium or crane's bill) 1-2'h, pink flower in spring, part to full sun, moist to dry soil, native range eastern half of North America

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center webpage states that this plant is of special value to native bees.
Comptonia peregrina (sweet fern)deciduous shrub, 2-5'h, will spread to form colonies, part to full sun, moist to dry soil, native to mid Atlantic region of US

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Thalictrum thalictroides 'Pink Pearl' (formerly Anemonella thalictroides)(rue anemone) 8-12"h, pink flowers in spring, part sun to shade, moist well drained soil, foliage may go dormant in summer, Mt Cuba introduction, species native to much of eastern half of US

Brandywine Conservancy's Native Plant and Seed Sale is offering this beautiful little plant at their May 12/13 2012 event.
Heuchera x villosa 'Mocha' (hairy alumroot) deep burgundy evergreen foliage, white flower, hybrid plant whose parent villosa is native to mid-Atlantic region

NorthCreek Nurseries webpage

Friday, May 4, 2012

Euonymus americanus (hearts-a-burstin) 6-12'h, deciduous shrub, green stems in winter, small pale green flowers late spring, very showy red/orange fruit in fall, part to full shade, DE native

Floridata
webpage has a nice photo of the fruit of this plant as well as more cultural information.

Thursday, May 3, 2012

Acer pennsylvanicum (striped maple or moosewood) deciduous tree up to 30'h, beautiful yellow/green flowers in late spring, yellow fall color, part to full shade, prefers moist well drained acidic soil, native to NE US

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Kalmia latifolia 'Big Boy' (mountain laurel) pink buds opening to white flowers in early summer, name describes the large leaf size, part to full shade, moist well drained acidic soil, species native throughout eastern US

European Kalmia Society
website has a very comprehensive list of mountain laurel cultivars.
Heuchera americana 'Dale's Strain' (coral bells or American alumroot) white flower in spring, silver/burgundy/green leaf, evergreen, part to full shade, moist well drained, DE native

NorthCreek Nurseries webpage

The beautiful leaves of this alumroot look especially nice against the background of the lady fern. Athyrium filix-femina

I think this lady fern may be the cultivar called 'Lady in Red' for the red stem color.
Chrysogonum virginianum (green and gold)ground cover up to 6"h, part sun, average to moist soil, yellow flower in spring, native to mid-Atlantic and southeast regions of US

American Beauties Native Plants
webpage

Tuesday, May 1, 2012

Amelanchier x grandiflora 'Autumn Brilliance' (shadblow or serviceberry) deciduous shrub, 15'hxw, white flower in spring, edible blue berry in summer, red/orange fall color, part to full sun, moist soil, the parent plants of this hybrid are native to DE

The berries are forming on the Amelanchier. Missouri Botanical Garden webpage has more cultural information about this plant as well as photographs of the flowers, fruit and foliage throughout the season. Plants grown in multi stemmed form rather than single stem tend to stay at the lower end of the height range given.
Phlox paniculata 'Blue Paradise' (garden or summer phlox)full sun, 3-4'h, deep blue/purple blooms Jul-Sept, moist well drained soil, attracts butterflies/hummingbirds, species native to much of eastern half of North America

NorthCreek Nurseries webpage offers a very nice photo of this plant in bloom along with some cultural advice.
Rhododendron 'Marydel' (decid azalea or coastal azalea) 3-4'h, fragrant pink flower May, red fall color, part sun, moist well drained acidic soil, this naturally occuring hybrid found in MD and thought to be a cross between atlanticum and periclymenoides which are native to DE and several mid-Atlantic and south east states of US

The dark pink flower buds of the 'Marydel' deciduous azalea are very pretty now on the last day of April. Here is an article by Dick Bir Fletcher of North Carolina State University wherein he states that Marydel is actually a pink flowering form of atlanticum and not a cross with periclymenoides. He also mentions that the native azaleas are very attractive to butterflies and hummingbirds.